Program :

Baccalaureate in Philosophy

Semester :


Credits :


Teacher :

Dr Vadakkan Jaison


The Vedantic philosophy was a landmark in the history of Indian Philosophy. Vedanta is interpreted by many modern thinkers as Advaita Vedanta, Visitadvaita, Dvaita and so on. This course focusses on the Advaita Vadanta philosophy (Non-dualism) of Adi Sankara, the Visistadvaita doctrine (Qualified Non-dualism) of Ramanuja and the Dvaita philosophy (Dualism) of Madhva, the philosophy of Nimbarka and the philosophy of Sree Chaitanya. We shall try to highlight the metaphysical vision, epistemological vision and the ethical vision of these modern thinkers. Along with this, we briefly discuss the Bhakti movement, Ashram movement and some of the socio-religious movements of this period.


  1. Pande G.C., Life and Thought of Sankaracharya, Delhi, 1994.
  2. Atmananda SW, Sri Sankara’s Teachings in his own Words, Bombay, 1960.
  3. Chakaravarti V.R, The Philosophy of Ramanuja, Bombay, 1971.
  4. Narain K., An Outline of Madhva Philosophy, Allahabad, 1962.